Given the limited research on gender and older adults our primary objective was to determine whether the BSRI can be used to explore gender in an older Brazilian population. J Gerontol 40 : J Cross Cult Psychol 30 : The BSRI has been used with participants across cultures and countries, but rarely in an older population in Brazil, as we have done in this study.
Bem SL The measurement of psychological androgyny. If people score above median on both scales, they are considered to be "androgynous". Psychol Bull 80 : This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. This method was used in a recent study bem sex role inventory citation maker in Shreveport an elderly population [ 19 ] and avoids methodological issues that occur when other approaches are used [ 37 ].
Consistent with postulates underlying the BSRI, we hypothesized that men would be disproportionately represented in the masculine instrumental category while women would fall in the feminine expressive category on the BSRI. Bem reports coefficient alphas of.
This measure has not been without criticism see referencesand one can question its usefulness. Psicol Reflex Crit 5: J Pers Soc Psychol 38 : The scale has been debated much, bem sex role inventory citation maker in Shreveport it is recommended to carefully read the background literature, such as the Hoffman and Borders paper.
Fernandez and Coello [ 16 ] used the BSRI more recently, with students ranging in age from 12 to 15 years.
Then individual scores for each participant on the femininity scale and the masculinity scale were calculated and compared to the median. The exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation resulted in factor loadings presented in Table 3. The test includes 20 masculine traits, 20 feminine traits, and 20 neutral items distractors.