Previously, an androgynous score was thought to be the result of equal masculine and feminine traits, while a sex-typed masculine or feminine score is the result of more traits belonging in one or the other category.
View Article Google Scholar 9. Cattell RB The scree test for the number of factors. Also, it is culture specific, so please be cautious with the interpretation. If research is to acknowledge and account for gender as a social determinant of health then measuring gender roles is a key component of such research.
The scores for masculine and feminine traits calculated provide a score for femininity, masculinity and androgyny. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. References Bem, S. View Article Google Scholar 8.
Liben, L. Consistent with postulates underlying the BSRI, we hypothesized that men would be disproportionately represented in the masculine instrumental category while women would fall in the feminine expressive category on the BSRI.
A woman can be girly and aggressive, and a man can be both strong and gentle at the same time. Bem —
The fourth type of score, undifferentiated, was seen as the result of extremely low masculine and feminine traits. The BSRI takes about 15 minutes to complete. The BSRI was translated into Spanish by one of the authors and then back-translated into English by two bilingual researchers, one of them was a U.
In fact, a smaller percentage of males and females fell into the traditional gender roles of masculine and feminine than into the androgynous and undifferentiated categories. Asking about, and including measures of gender roles among an older, non-English speaking population is surprisingly rare in health outcomes research.