In men, these cells develop into sperm cells. This allows each contributing cell to pass on half of the needed complete set of chromosomes for reproduction. School City of Hobart Science. The spermatids mature into spermatozoa through the final stage of spermatogenesis, known as spermiogenesis.
Mitosis lacks this feature.
What Is the Function of the Matrix in the Mitochondria? Yeast was the first eukaryote organism to have its entire genome sequenced. When a sperm cell fertilizes an egg cell, the resulting cell has a full set of genetic information again.
Share Flipboard Email. The somatic cells that have differentiated can become adult neurons in the nervous system, blood cells in the cardiovascular system, liver cells in the digestive system, or any of the many other types of cells found throughout the body.
Gametes, on the other hand, are involved directly in the reproductive cycle and are most often haploid cells, meaning they only have one set of chromosomes. If there happens to be a mutation in a gamete, though, that can drive evolution.
Sex cells are formed through a particular kind of cell division called meiosis. Related Content. Science - Kindergarten. Search Answers. What Do the Centrioles Do in the Interphase?