This suggests that other factors may have mitigated the negative effects of parenting stress on child outcomes. The debate between functionalist and critical sociologists on the rise of non-nuclear family forms is a case in point. Roberts, Sam. Our analyses reveal that even though female same-sex parents acknowledge more parenting stress, their children demonstrate no differences in general health, emotional difficulties, coping behavior, and learning behavior from children reared in different-sex parent households.
Christina and her mother lived with her maternal grandmother, who often served as a surrogate parent. You might also be interested in: Families and households QMI.
The debate between functionalist and critical sociologists on the rise of non-nuclear family forms is a case in point. Milan, Anne. Regardless of income level, the proportion of reported spousal violence was between 1 and 2 percent.
Children of lesbian couples, however, were shown to have slightly lower rates of behavioural problems and higher rates of self-esteem Biblarz and Stacey Strong, B. Another contributor to the likelihood of divorce is a general decline in marital satisfaction over time.