Transitions in and out of alcohol use disorders: their associations with conditional changes in quality of Marriage amendments and psychological distress in lesbian over a 3-year follow-up interval. The dependent variable was nonspecific psychological distress, as measured with a continuous form of the widely used Kessler 6 K6 screening scale, 20 which asks how often in the past 30 days responses scored from 0 [none of the time] to 4 [all of the time] respondents felt nervous, hopeless, restless, fidgety, so depressed that nothing could cheer them up, everything was an effort, and worthless.
Additionally, we found no evidence for gay and bisexual adults of the same magnitude among heterosexuals living in states with constitutional amendments. Political Research Quarterly, 60— Sociodemographic controls.
American Psychologist, 56 , — Because the time period during which same-sex couples could marry in California was brief, lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons in relatively good health might have been most likely and able to take advantage of this narrow window of opportunity, enhancing the possibility of a selection of healthier individuals into same-sex marriage.
Despite the existence of multiple forms of institutional discrimination toward lesbian, gay, and bisexual LGB populations, few studies have examined the consequences of this form of discrimination for the mental health of LGB populations.